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Gulancha tinospara facts and health benefits

Health benefits of Gulancha tinospara

Health benefits of Gulancha tinospara

Gulancha tinospara Fast Facts


Identify:

Gulancha tinospara


Scientific Identify:

Tinospora Cordifolia


Origin

India, Myanmar, Burma and Sri Lanka


Colours

Initially inexperienced turning to shiny pink when ripe


Shapes

Drupes, ovoid or globose, glabrous, shining, about 5-7 mm throughout, stalks about Four-7 mm lengthy


Style

Nauseating bitter, astringent, candy, pungent


Health benefits

Pores and skin illnesses, Boosts digestion, Treats Arthritis, Boosts Immunity,Forestall most cancers, Treats continual fever,Treats diabetes, Coronary heart illness, Treats urinary infections, Reduces nervousness and improves psychological power, Reduces Asthmatic Signs, Treats eye issues, Reduces Indicators of Getting older, Pilonidal Sinus (PNS), Protects Liver and Fights Jaundice and Hepatitis


Tinospora Cordifolia also referred to as Gulancha tinospora, heartleaf moonseed or Giloy is utilized in Indian Ayurvedic system due to its broad medicinal properties. It’s an evergreen climbing shrub belonging to household Menispermaceae and is extraordinarily helpful with its property of strengthening the immune system and it retains a verify on numerous physique features. The plant is native to India, extending from the Himalayas right down to the southern a part of peninsular India. It’s also present in neighboring nations like Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The plant can also be reported from South East Asian nations akin to Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand and so on. A few of the well-liked widespread names of the plant are heart-leaved moonseed, Indian tinospora, gulancha tinospora, heart-leaved tinospora, moonseed, Amrita, Duyutige, Gado, Galo, Giloe, Giloya, Guduchi, Gulancha, Heartleaf moonseed, Teppatige, Tinofend, Amarlata, Bael tiga, Kanda amrta, Rasakinda, amariat, amarlata, ambarvel, amirtavalli and amritalata.

It is called queen of all herbs and is meant to be the nectar of god Indra, that’s why, it’s thought-about Amrita (pious liquid or nectar). It’s used within the remedy and curing of many illnesses and referred to as answer for all of the illnesses and issues. Giloy is beneficial within the promotion and restoration of health and make you prepared for holistic well-being. It’s  extensively used as a singular ingredient of varied pure drugs and historically use for quite a few aliment like fever, vomiting, diabetes, jaundice, anaemia, polyuria and pores and skin  illnesses and so on.

Plant Description

Gulancha tinospora is a big, herbaceous, deciduous glabrous, succulent, climbing shrub that grows about 1.zero meters (Three.Three ft) tall and zero.5 meters (1.65 ft) large. The plant is usually discovered rising in deciduous and dry forests. It prefers mild medium sandy loam soil wealthy in natural matter, and with satisfactory drainage. It doesn’t tolerate excessive rainfall or waterlogged circumstances. Younger stem is inexperienced, cylindrical and clean. The matured stem has warts on the floor, hanging aerial roots and peeling bark. Matured stem when crushed is sticky. Bark is grey or creamy white, deeply forked spirally and longitudinally, with giant rosette-like lenticels. Wooden is white, mushy, and porous, and when freshly minimize, shortly assumes a yellow tint.

Leaves

Leaves are easy, alternate, coronary heart formed, membranous, Juicy, broadly ovate, cordate or sub orbicular, Four cm -17 cm lengthy and Four.5 cm to 14 cm throughout, base cordate to sinuate, margin complete, apex deeply acuminate or cuspidate, chartaceous and skinny. Leaves are inexperienced, glabrous above and paler glabrous with glandular papillose patches beneath. Robust basal veins are 5-7, impressed above and outstanding beneath. Lateral veins are 2-Three pairs, vein lets are positive and shut, and petiole is twisted, swollen close to the bottom, pulvinate, glabrous, about 2-7 cm lengthy.

Flower

Flowers are uni sexual, fascicled, yellow and pedicellate. Male flowers are slender, glabrous about Three-Four mm lengthy, sepals 6, in 2 collection, inside collection bigger, elliptic, concave, about Three-Four mm lengthy, outer collection smaller, about 1-1.5 mm lengthy, free, imbricate, sub-elliptic, apex acute, petals 6, free, rhomboidal, obovate, lateral edges in-rolled, fleshy, stamens 6, free, filaments clavate, about Three mm lengthy, anthers loculed, sub-extrorse, obliquely or longitudinally dehisced. Feminine flowers have sepals and petals comparable as in male flowers, staminodes 6, carpels Three, curved-ellipsoid, about 2 mm lengthy, glabrous, type brief, stigma capitate. Flowering usually takes place from Might–June.

Fruits

Fertile flowers are adopted drupes, ovoid or globose, glabrous, shining, about 5-7 mm throughout, stalks about Four-7 mm lengthy, pericarp skinny, type scar sub-terminal. Endocarp is bony, very skinny, subrotund or broadly elliptic about 6-7 mm lengthy, rounded, flattened ventral, barely papillose on floor, fashion scars sub basal. The fruit is initially inexperienced turning to vibrant purple when ripe. Fruits appear to be bunch of pink cherries. Seeds are curved or half-moon form, endospermic, cotyledons flattened, leaf-like, radicle brief.

Health benefits of Gulancha tinospora

Gulancha tinospora’s delicate heart-shaped leaves, harking back to ornamental crops, don’t reveal the complete extent of its medicinal potential. However these within the know perceive how highly effective a treatment it may be. Tinospora cordifolia might maintain the important thing to a number of illnesses and health issues we face at the moment. Listed here are the highly effective benefits of Gulancha tinospara you need to know

1. Pores and skin illnesses

When Gulancha tinospora is taken with ghee on empty abdomen within the morning, it helps to remedy all kinds of pores and skin illnesses together with, acute & continual dermatitis, prickly warmth, sunburn, pruritus associated with urticaria, all types of beauty allergy, ringworm, psoriasis, leucoderma and leprosy.

2. Boosts digestion

Indigestion is a standard drawback. Gulancha tinospora can deal with the digestive system. Consuming half a gram of giloy powder with amla frequently can maintain all digestive issues at bay. Having giloy juice with buttermilk will even be efficient on this case. This treatment may also be utilized by sufferers affected by piles.

Three. Treats Arthritis

Gulancha tinospora (Giloy) consists of anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic properties that assist deal with arthritis and its a number of signs. For joint ache, the powder from giloy stem may be boiled with milk and consumed. It may be used together with ginger to deal with rheumatoid arthritis.

Four. Boosts Immunity

Gulancha tinospora is a common herb that helps increase immunity. It’s a powerhouse of antioxidants which battle free-radicals, maintain your cells wholesome and eliminate illnesses. It helps take away toxins, purifies blood, fights micro organism that causes illnesses and additionally combats liver illnesses and urinary tract infections. It’s utilized by specialists in treating coronary heart associated circumstances, and can also be discovered helpful in treating infertility.

5. Forestall most cancers

It encourages the propagation of stem cells and will increase in complete white blood cells and bone-marrow cells thus increase antibody-producing cells and phagocytic actions. Giloy extract proved useful in reducing the chemo toxicity induced by free radical forming chemical compounds. Oral administrations of rasayanas together with different indigenous natural medicine have been discovered to guard from Cyclophosphamide.

6. Treats persistent fever

Gulancha tinospora helps to treats continual fever and illnesses. As it’s anti-pyretic in nature, it will probably scale back indicators and signs of a number of life-threatening circumstances. It will increase the rely of your blood platelets and relieves signs of dengue fever as properly. Giloy together with little little bit of honey treats malaria.

7. Treats diabetes

Diabetes is worldwide illnesses many individuals are affected by. Giloy acts as a hypoglycemic agent so will probably be efficient for diabetic sufferers. It may possibly decrease the degrees of blood sugar and lipids. This makes it very straightforward to deal with sort 2 diabetes. Sufferers with sort 2 diabetes can eat giloy juice to with a purpose to scale back excessive ranges of blood sugar.

eight. Coronary heart illness

Giloy together with piper nigrum has constructive influence on cardiac circumstances resembling angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, ischemic coronary heart illnesses and sure arrhythmias. It’s going to assist clear the obstruction within the arteries in addition to within the coronary heart and act as cardio-protective agent.

9. Treats urinary infections

Giloy is used to remedy all sort urinary infections comparable to uricouria, ketonuria, glycouria, haematuria, albuminuria, dysuria, crystaluria, burning micturition in cystitis, urethritis and notably in diabetes mellitus.

10. Reduces nervousness and improves psychological power

Giloy is usually mixed with different herbs to make a superb health tonic. It not solely clears mind toxins but in addition boosts reminiscence. It additionally helps you enhance your consideration span. On this quick paced world the place cut-throat competitors is the norm, psychological stress and nervousness is widespread. Giloy can scale back each psychological stress and nervousness.

11. Reduces Asthmatic Signs

Bronchial asthma causes chest tightness, shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, and so forth. which makes it very troublesome to deal with such a situation. Chewing on giloy root or consuming giloy juice helps bronchial asthma sufferers and is usually advisable by specialists.

12. Treats eye issues

Eyes are one of the crucial essential elements of our physique. Giloy can be utilized to deal with eye issues. It boosts readability and helps you see higher with out spectacles. In some elements of India, individuals apply giloy on the attention lids commonly. Boil some giloy in water, let it cool and apply it in your eyelids .You’ll undoubtedly see a change.

13. Reduces Indicators of Growing older

Giloy plant consists of anti-aging properties that assist scale back darkish spots, pimples, wonderful strains and wrinkles. It provides you flawless, glowing pores and skin that you simply’ve all the time desired.

14. Pilonidal Sinus (PNS)

Pilonidal Sinus (PNS) can also be referred to as sacrococcygeal fistula and Pilonidal abscess or cyst. It happens on or close to natal cleft of the buttocks. On this situation, oil processed with Giloy Juice and Turmeric Paste is useful for eradicating pores and skin particles, pus and dust particles. It boosts the therapeutic strategy of wound and treats Pilonidal sinus.

15. Protects Liver and Fights Jaundice and Hepatitis

Combine your Gulancha tinospora powder with aloe vera juice or wheatgrass juice to detox and energy up. The plant extract has a hepato-protective impact and moderates liver perform favorably. When you have a fatty liver, this could possibly be a pure treatment in your drawback. Guduchi has been recognized to assist forestall scarring of the liver (fibrosis) and may even stimulate the regeneration of broken liver tissue. It might even have a task to play in preventing jaundice and even hepatitis since it may detoxify your liver.

Conventional makes use of and benefits of Gulancha tinospora

  • Juice from crushed leaves is barely warmed and used as an ear wash to alleviate earaches.
  • Skinny slices of the plant are eaten frequently to cease vomiting of blood.
  • Plant is utilized in making medicines to deal with fuel and bile issues, urinary tract infections, menstrual issues, earaches, and phlegm imbalances.
  • Plant might be combined and boiled along with myinhkwar leaves to alleviate coronary heart palpitations and nervousness.
  • It’s also used within the remedy of diarrhea, dysentery, fevers resulting from chilly, indigestion, rheumatism, urinary illness, bronchitis, and infertility.
  • Stem, root and entire plant are alterative, antidote, aphrodisiac, diuretic, febrifuge and tonic.
  • Starch obtained from the stem and root of the plant is nutrient and is beneficial within the remedy of diarrhea and dysentery.
  • Recent plant is simpler than the dried.
  • Watery extract, generally known as ‘Indian Quinine’ is a really efficient remedy for fevers on account of chilly or indigestion.
  • Plant can also be generally utilized in quite a lot of different complaints together with rheumatism, urinary illness, common debility, bronchitis and infertility.
  • Juice or powder of Giloy Stem is beneficial in treating numerous varieties of Cancers.
  • It prevents the formation of Most cancers cells and stops the additional progress of already developed Most cancers.
  • Tinospora Cordifolia is a prime natural treatment in stopping Swine Flu.
  • Tinospora Cordifolia revitalizes the tissues and increase up the Immunity.
  • Common consumption of Giloy will increase the rely of White Blood Cells and permits the physique in resisting illnesses.
  • It purifies the Blood, removes toxins and prevents from numerous pores and skin illnesses like pimples, psoriasis and eczema.
  • Its Anti-inflammatory impact is useful in decreasing Joint Ache and Swelling. It’s advantageous in circumstances like Arthritis, Gout and Osteoporosis.
  • Anti-pyretic motion is beneficial in decreasing the physique temperature. Thus, it cures Fever.
  • It improves Sperm Motility and will increase Sperm Rely.
  • Giloy is a remedy for burning sensation within the ft.
  • It improves focus and alertness and enhances the reminiscence.
  • The Anti-diabetic property of Giloy regulates the extent of glucose in an individual.
  • It improves the Liver power and helps to expel toxins from the Liver. It may be taken with sugar to remedy Liver illnesses.
  • It’s useful for an individual hooked on Alcohol and junk meals.
  • Giloy juice is beneficial in curing Bronchial asthma. To make the juice simpler combine it with Neem and Amla.
  • It’s useful in combating Dengue. Giloy together with Tulsi leaves will increase the platelet rely and fights Dengue.
  • It supplies aid from Urinary Issues.
  • When you’ve got Kidney Stones, Giloy is the answer.
  • It cures Continual Cough.
  • For sustaining general health chew some Giloy leaves every day.
  • Utilizing giloy delays the time of ejaculation and thus it acts as aphrodisiacs.
  • It’s given to lactating moms, who’s experiencing lack of milk.
  • Alcoholic individuals ought to take giloy on common foundation because it helps to vitalize the liver tissues thus safeguards the liver, kidney and coronary heart.
  • It’s also used within the conventional medicinal system of Thailand for remedy of Diarrhea.
  • Shade dried leaves are floor into powder and combined with scorching water and the combination is taken orally within the remedy of diabetes by the individuals dwelling in sacred groves in Cuddalore district of Tamilnadu, India.
  • Smashed leaf and root is added to Brown sugar and taken orally at night time after regular dinner as a potent aphrodisiac by the village people of nature and Rajshahi district of Bangladesh.
  • Powder of root and stem is used together with milk for the remedy of most cancers.
  • Oral administration of the juice of stem with honey may also be used for remedy of bronchial asthma.
  • Inhabitants of Orissa use the nice and cozy juice of root of T. cordifolia orally for the remedy of fever.
  • Muslim tribals of Rajouri, Jammu comprising Gujjar and Backwals used the plant in bone fracture.
  • Paste or juice of T. cordifolia leaves and seed powder of Brassica campestris is utilized regionally in case of burning sensation.
  • Powder of Haritaki, Amrita and Ajwain in equal amount is run orally, as soon as every day early morning with salt for the remedy of cough.
  • Paste of T. Cordifolia and 5 seeds of Piper nigrum is run orally as soon as day by day in morning in leucorrhoea by the native ladies of Arjunpura Rajasthan.
  • Inhabitants of U.P. take the juice of stem orally with honey for the remedy of Bronchial asthma.
  • Decoction of stem is run orally in case of pores and skin illness by the individuals of Dehrabara Kolaras, Sivpuri District of M.P.
  • Tribals of Bombay and its neighboring areas use T. cordifolia as drug within the remedy of fever, jaundice, persistent diarrhea and dysentery.
  • Tribals of Khedbrahma area of North Gujarat use powdered root and stem bark of T. cordifolia with milk for the remedy of most cancers, decoction of root is used for the remedy of dysentery and diarrhea and decoction of previous stems is chosen within the remedy of periodic fever.
  • Decoction of stem is run orally by the individuals of Jammu and Rajasthan for the remedy of fever.
  • Juice or decoction of leaves is run orally with honey in fever by the native individuals of Punjab.
  • In Dahanu forest division of Maharashtra, the stem decoction is used with chilly or scorching water (about Three-Four gm.) in morning in an empty abdomen as a tonic normally debility.
  • Shirt of kid is dyed in juice of Guduchi and worn in emaciation in youngsters by the inhabitants of Bihar.

Ayurvedic Health benefits of Gulancha tinospora

  • Anemia: Take the recent entire Tinospora Cordifolia. Coarsely grind the herb and squeeze out the juice. Have 2 tablespoon of juice day by day for a month and get your Purple Blood Rely examined.
  • Leucorrhea: Taking Tinospora juice with Honey is beneficial to remedy leucorrhoea.
  • Allergy: Put together Tinospora Cordifolia stem decoction. Drink 30 ml twice a day. OR Take half teaspoon of stem extract. It should scale back allergic signs corresponding to sneezing, itching, and nasal discharge
  • Gonorrhea: Extract the juice of Tinospora Cordifolia. Combine 5 ml in a cup of milk. Add sugar in line with your style. Drink it Three occasions a day.
  • Wounds: Take some Tinospora Cordifolia leaves. Heat them over low flame. Apply on the affected half.
  • Migraine: Take 5 drops of Tinospora Cordifolia juice with one teaspoon of Honey day by day.
  • Diabetes: Extract the juice of Tinospora Cordifolia plant by crushing it. Drink 50 ml of it twice a day.
  • Ulcers: Bake some leaves of Tinospora Cordifolia. Bandage it over Ulcers.
  • Fever: Drink 15 ml decoction of Tinospora Cordifolia plant twice a day.
  • HIV/AIDS: Common consumption of Tinospora Cordifolia plant juice helps in growing the Immunity of the individual.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: Eat 20 ml plant juice of Tinospora Cordifolia twice a day. OR Take you can even take it with Ginger.
  • Excessive Ldl cholesterol: Drink 10 ml root decoction of Tinospora Cordifolia twice a day.
  • Peptic ulcer: Take 1 tsp stem extract of Tinospora Cordifolia as soon as a day.
  • Earache: Extract leaves juice of Tinospora Cordifolia by crushing them. Barely heat it. Use it as an Ear Drop. It can scale back the ache.
  • Dipsia: Eat Tinospora Cordifolia juice Three-Four occasions a day. This juice is definitely out there out there.
  • Arthritis: Tinospora Cordifolia can be utilized with Ghee.
  • Gout: Therapeutic massage the affected space with Tinospora Cordifolia powder combined with Castor oil.
  • Constipation: Take one teaspoon every of Tinospora Cordifolia powder and Jaggery. Eat it each night time after dinner.
  • Hepatitis: Grind recent leaves of Tinospora Cordifolia to extract its juice. Combine this juice with a pinch of Rock Sweet. Eat it.
  • Itching: Put together a decoction, made from Tinospora Cordifolia leaves, Azadirachta Indica leaves, Adhatoda Vasica leaves and one cup of water. Pressure and drink it. It’s efficient in curing Itching.
  • Acid Reflux: Extract the juice of Tinospora Cordifolia leaves by grinding and squeezing it. Combine it with Cumin seeds. Eat one tablespoon of it. It can present aid from Burning sensation.
  • Elephantiasis: Tinospora Cordifolia is anti-inflammatory in nature. Have 5 drops of tincture in a glass of water 2 occasions in a day. OR: Additionally it is out there in pill type. Have 1 pill each day.
  • Bone Most cancers: Have Tinospora Cordifolia tea every single day. OR: Have 10 drops of tincture in a glass of water 2 occasions in a day.
  • Indigestion: Grind Gulancha Tinospora stem and Ginger individually. Take one pinch of Tinospora Cordifolia stem powder and 2 pinch of Ginger powder and boil in a cup of water. Drink it.
  • Joint Ache: Boil one pinch of Tinospora Cordifolia stem powder and 2 pinch of Ginger powder and boil in a cup of water. Have it as soon as a day.
  • Fever: Grind equal amount of Ginger, Tinospora and Lengthy Pepper collectively. Boil 2 pinches powder in a cup of water. Take it with Honey.
  • Jaundice: Powder the Tinospora Cordifolia stem. Combine 2 pinches powder and one tablespoon Raisins in a single cup water and boil. Add sugar in response to your style. Drink as soon as a day.
  • Flu: Grind stems a part of Tinospora Cordifolia and Uraria picta in equal amount. Add cinnamon to style. Take One tablespoon with lukewarm water.
  • Excessive Blood Strain: Take the powder of three desk spoon Winter Cherry Stem, One and Half desk spoon Sunflower Seeds, 1/4th tablespoon Tinospora Cardifolia, Four tablespoon Sugar. Combine them collectively. Take two tablespoon with water twice a day.
  • Itching: Make a paste of Tinospora leaves and leaves. Apply over the affected space.
  • Hiccups: Make a paste of Tinospora Cordifolia and dry Ginger with water by taking each in equal amount. Take half tablespoon with a cup of milk.
  • Gout: Take equal amount of Dried Ginger powder, Tinospora Cordifolia stem powder and Indian Gooseberry powder. Add Honey to make paste. Take half tsp of the combination twice a day.
  • Swine flu Repellent: Take 10 inches Lengthy Department of Tinospora Cordifolia and 7 to eight recent leaves of Basil. Boil in a single liter of water collectively. Pressure. Chances are you’ll add Black Pepper and Black Salt for style. Have 2 tablespoons early within the morning. This combination boosts immunity too.
  • Swine Flu: Take Four to five Basil Leaves, 2 Black Pepper, Three to Four Clove and 1 to 2 inch Tinospora Cordifolia. Boil in a glass of water for two minutes. Drink half cup day by day.
  • Gout: Take 50 grams every of Tinospora Cordifolia, Picrorrhiza Kurroa, Licorice and Ginger. Powder them collectively. Retailer in a glass bottle. Have 1 / 4 teaspoon of this preparation with a teaspoon of Honey, as soon as a day.
  • Dengue and Chikungunya: Purchase tincture of Night time Jasmine, Tinospora Cordifolia and Yarrow from a Homeopathic store. Give 10 drops of Night time Jasmine (in some water) to start out the remedy. After three hours give ten drops of Yarrow. After three hours give 10 drops of Tinospora Cordifolia. Maintain repeating for the subsequent three days. The fever ought to develop into regular inside someday. Nevertheless, the drop in fever should not be thought-about as a remedy. The cures must be continued for at the very least Three days.
  • Pancreatitis: Combine 1/2 teaspoon of Tinospora Cordifolia powder and 1/Four teaspoon of dried Ginger powder. Have it with heat water 2 occasions a day. Do that for 15 days. OR: Add 1/2 teaspoon of recent Ginger juice in Three to Four teaspoons of recent Tinospora Cordifolia juice. Combine nicely. Drink it an hour earlier than meal for two weeks.
  • Urinary Tract An infection: Grind or take the powder type of 5 to six gm. Tinospora Cordifolia, Four to five gm. Ginger, Four to five gm. Indian Gooseberry, 5 gm. Ashwagandha, 5 to six gm. Gokshura and 200 ml Water. Add powder type of all of the components in 200 ml of water, Boil it underneath delicate hearth and stir it constantly till it reduces to 50 to 60 ml. Cease boiling it and filter this combination. Take 15 to 20 ml of this infusion and drink it twice a day two hours earlier than meals.

Critical uncomfortable side effects of Giloy

Nevertheless, individuals typically ignore the potential for uncomfortable side effects of giloy. It’s doubtless that in depth use of giloy for pure remedies of health issues might pose danger of some undesirable outcomes. In case you have been unaware of giloy unwanted side effects, listed here are a few of the widespread harms of giloy use.

Low blood sugar

Whereas giloy could also be good in your health for quite a few causes, it may be equally damaging in sure case. Individuals who have health issues associated to blood sugar ranges ought to completely keep away from the herb as it will possibly additional have an effect on the blood sugar ranges. Giloy can significantly decrease the blood sugar ranges, typically posing danger of health issues brought on by low blood sugar ranges. All the time take giloy after consulting your physician.

Dangerous for surgical procedure

Giloy can have some undesirable uncomfortable side effects on the blood sugar ranges; it might have an effect on blood sugar ranges throughout and after a surgical procedure, growing the danger of problems from the surgical procedure. It’s best to keep away from giloy for few weeks earlier than and after a scheduled surgical procedure.

Results in constipation

Though giloy is sort of efficient in treating digestive health issues, it may sometimes additional upset your abdomen, whatever the type it’s taken in, resulting in constipation. Seek the advice of your physician immediately in case you expertise constipation or abdomen irritation quickly after consuming giloy.

Promotes autoimmune illness signs

Giloy might sometimes over-stimulate the immune system, leading to improve of frequency or severity or autoimmune dysfunction signs akin to lupus, a number of sclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Individuals affected by autoimmune issues ought to keep away from giloy utterly.

References:

http://www.hear.org/pier/species/tinospora_cordifolia.htm

https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Tinospora+cordifolia

https://www.drugs.com/npp/tinospora.html

http://bioinfo.bisr.res.in/project/domap/plant_details.php?plantid=0122&bname=Tinospora%20cordifolia

http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/tro-20600675

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tinospora_cordifolia

https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/231352

http://www.thepharmajournal.com/archives/2016/vol5issue7/PartB/5-7-6-477.pdf

http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Gulbel.html

http://envis.frlht.org/plantdetails/72da84c54a0aa9facbdcedcaa3fc17ee/bd79a2ed7ed53e4be24d3b3988c656e3

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